Psychology  Exam 4: Programs 10-13; Chaps. 2, 11, 12 and 15

Exam 4: Programs 10-13; Chaps. 2, 11, 12 and 15# 1.1(1 pts.) Roger is experiencing a memory loss that may be related to recently contracting herpes. Which of the following diagnoses would best fit his condition?A) dissociative amnesiaB) retrograde amnesiaC) amnestic disorder due to a general medical conditionD) substance-induced amnestic disorder# 1.2(1 pts.) Ed, who suffers from dementia, has enormous difficulty getting dressed in the morning because he cannot plan and organize the behaviors necessary to complete the task. Ed’s difficulty is in the area ofA) executive function.B) agnosia.C) apraxia.D) aphasia.# 1.3(1 pts.) Michael is in the late stages of AIDS and has become increasing forgetful, incoherent, and at times unresponsive. Which of the following DSM diagnoses would best characterize Michael’s cognitive deficits?A) dementia due to HIV diseaseB) dementia due to multiple etiologiesC) multi-infarct dementiaD) delirium due to a general medical condition# 1.4(1 pts.) Stanley has had multiple “mini”-strokes that have damaged his frontal lobes. This damage has produced a variety of problems for Stanley including difficulty communicating and making judgments. Additionally he has a difficult time remembering and processing new information. Stanley is suffering fromA) vascular dementia.B) Pick’s disease.C) Alzheimer’s disease.D) Parkinson’s disease.# 1.5(1 pts.) Sally, a client with Alzheimer’s disease, is being taught a variety of ways to adapt to her memory loss. Her daily living activities are arranged around various cues intended to prompt certain activities. For example, to help her remember to brush, her toothbrush holder is attached to her bathroom door so the first thing she sees as she enters the bathroom is her toothbrush. This cueing technique is derived from which theory?A) behavioralB) humanisticC) cognitiveD) psychodynamic# 1.6(1 pts.) A stroke patient suffers damage to Broca’s area in the left hemisphere. Based on this information, which of the following would this client be unable to do?A) remember events prior to the strokeB) remember things after the strokeC) understand everyday speechD) speak fluently# 1.7(1 pts.) Ginny has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease and has come to the doctor’s office complaining that her son is trying to kill her. Which subtype of Alzheimer’s might she have?A) with deliriumB) with delusionsC) with depressed moodD) uncomplicated type# 1.8(1 pts.) Margaret was a mild-mannered and reserved bank teller. Recently though, her personality has changed radically. Although she is in her mid-eighties, she has become very impulsive and socially disinhibited. With what organic disorder might she be suffering?A) Alzheimer’s diseaseB) Parkinson’s diseaseC) Huntingdon’s diseaseD) Pick’s disease# 1.9(1 pts.) How might a clinician differentiate between the cognitive impairment seen in Alzheimer’s clients and the deficits seen in clients suffering from vascular dementia?A) Alzheimer’s clients suffer from sudden cognitive losses; clients with vascular dementia suffer from gradual losses.B) Alzheimer’s clients suffer from global cognitive losses; clients with vascular dementia suffer from selective losses.C) Alzheimer’s clients suffer from selective cognitive losses; clients with vascular dementia suffer from global losses.D) Alzheimer’s clients suffer from sudden cognitive losses; clients with vascular dementia suffer from global cognitive losses.# 1.10(1 pts.) Family therapy is useful in treating which aspects of Alzheimer’s disease?A) the cognitive deficits experienced by the clientB) the unconscious conflicts producing the symptomsC) the frustrations and concerns of family members trying to cope with the identified patientD) the behavioral problems experienced by the client# 1.11(1 pts.) While Pete was out playing touch football with his friends, he tripped, fell, and bumped his head on the ground. Immediately afterward, he was very disoriented and kept asking his friends what time it was. Pete may have experiencedA) delirium.B) dementia.C) amnesia.D) agnosia.# 1.12(1 pts.) George can understand what his doctor wants him to do when he asks him to cough and to touch his index finger to his nose, but he cannot perform these simple motor activities. George is suffering fromA) apraxia.B) agnosia.C) aphasia.D) dyslexia.# 1.13(1 pts.) Why might recent research have indicated an increase in the total number of cases of Alzheimer’s disease in the past few years?A) because of the trace amounts of aluminum added to municipal water suppliesB) because of the increased use of artificial sweeteners like saccharinC) because of the increase in the total number of individuals living beyond 65D) because of decreased amounts of ozone in the atmosphere# 1.14(1 pts.) While he is resting, Ray’s hands shake uncontrollably. At times his head appears to jerk from side to side. Ray may be showing the early symptoms ofA) Parkinson’s disease.B) Pick’s disease.C) Alzheimer’s disease.D) Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.# 1.15(1 pts.) Angie, an elderly woman, became depressed a few days ago and is now experiencing a memory loss. Based on this symptom pattern which of the following might she have?A) Alzheimer’s diseaseB) pseudodementiaC) vascular dementiaD) Huntington’s disease# 1.16(1 pts.) Which of the following individuals is MOST likely to suffer from delirium based on the information in the text?A) Twenty-four-year old Megan, who has been hospitalized for pneumoniaB) Thirty-two-year old Steve, who is home with a bad case of the fluC) Forty-five-year old Charles, who is in a mental hospitalD) Seventy-year old Margaret, who has been hospitalized for gallstones# 1.17(1 pts.) Mrs. Williams can recognize most of her friends by voice over the telephone, but when asked to identify her friends in pictures she is at a loss. She is apparently suffering fromA) dyslexia.B) apraxia.C) aphasia.D) agnosia.# 1.18(1 pts.) Harry has recently been getting lost in the factory where he works. He is forgetting some of the names of his coworkers. He is having difficulty concentrating and his reading comprehension is poor. He denies having any memory problems but occasionally gets anxious over his confusion and forgetfulness. Which phase of dementia is he in?A) forgetfulnessB) early confusionalC) late confusionalD) late dementia# 1.19(1 pts.) Donna is in her mid-twenties and has been experiencing involuntary muscle spasms which cause her to move in a jerky fashion. In addition, she has become very sexually impulsive. From what organic brain disorder might she be suffering?A) Huntingdon’s diseaseB) Pick’s diseaseC) Parkinson’s diseaseD) Alzheimer’s disease# 1.20(1 pts.) Tommy is a 43-year-old man who has Down syndrome. Recent research indicates that he is likely to developA) Parkinson’s disease.B) Alzheimer’s disease.C) Pick’s disease.D) multiple sclerosis.# 1.21(1 pts.) William is acutely retarded and requires intense care. His IQ has been measured at approximately 15. What term would be used to classify William’s level of retardation?A) mildB) moderateC) severeD) profound# 1.22(1 pts.) Shannon has been diagnosed with moderate mental retardation but attends most of her classes in a regular classroom in the central school in her district. This educational philosophy is best known asA) mainstreaming.B) ingratiation.C) integration.D) enclosure.# 1.23(1 pts.) Many children who are afflicted with autistic disorder insist upon a daily routine that isA) flexible.B) extremely rigid.C) adaptable.D) unstructured.# 1.24(1 pts.) Joshua has a specific developmental disorder that is characterized by the fact that words and letters get reversed when he is reading; for example the letter “b” looks like “d” and the word “frog” may look like “gorf.” This problem makes him read aloud in a slow and broken way. Joshua may haveA) disorder of written expression.B) cluttering.C) expressive language disorder.D) dyslexia.# 1.25(1 pts.) Zack is a 14-year-old member of a ruthless street gang. He has been involved in a number of robberies, muggings, and incidents of arson. Zack might be diagnosed as havingA) oppositional-defiant disorder.B) conduct disorder.C) avoidant disorder.D) antisocial personality disorder.# 1.26(1 pts.) Jamie is an eight-year-old who is deathly afraid of leaving his mother or father. Jamie’s school is located close to the office where his mother works, but she still has to leave work frequently because he cries uncontrollably when he starts thinking about his parents. Jamie might be diagnosed as suffering fromA) separation anxiety disorder.B) overanxious disorder.C) avoidant disorder.D) rumination disorder.# 1.27(1 pts.) Keith has a severe tic disorder that manifests itself in his making constant belching noises. He also swears quite frequently and engages in a compulsive ritual involving touching red colored items at least five times. Keith may very well haveA) obsessive-compulsive disorder.B) transient tic disorder.C) Asperger’s disorder.D) Tourette’s disorder.# 1.28(1 pts.) The fact that Jason Newman, in the textbook case, gets attention from his peers and parents when he is disruptive might be an indication that which of the following might play a role in his disorder?A) genetic flawsB) primary gainC) secondary gainD) modeling# 1.29(1 pts.) Mrs. Johansen is pregnant and has accidentally been exposed to a person with German measles. She should be most concerned about the possibility of producing a child with mental retardation if she is in theA) fetal period.B) 35th week.C) first trimester.D) last trimester.# 1.30(1 pts.) At 12 months of age, it was evident that little Tony was unresponsive to people. He resisted the cuddling of his parents and became increasingly aloof. Tony might be diagnosed as havingA) Tay-Sachs disease.B) separation anxiety disorder.C) autistic disorder.D) rumination disorder.# 1.31(1 pts.) Debbie is a little girl who has been diagnosed as having autistic disorder. Each time she engages in self-injurious behavior, like head-banging, her mother immediately runs over and attempts to stop her by holding her close. According to behavioral theorists, what might this attempt at stopping her behavior actually do?A) It should decrease the behavior because children with autistic disorder dislike physical contact.B) The attention her mother is giving Debbie is actually reinforcing, so the self-injurious behavior should increase.C) The holding will actually frustrate Debbie, so she will head-bang even more.D) Holding will have no effect on the self-injurious behavior, because autistic children are oblivious to the outside world.# 1.32(1 pts.) The prognosis for individuals with learning, communication, and motor skills disorders is;A) poor unless they undergo complicated neurosurgery to correct their problems.B) good if they are placed on medications designed to control their attentional difficulties.C) fair if placed they are placed in remedial educational programs.D) good if their learning environment provides more structure and fewer distractions.# 1.33(1 pts.) In many ways, Sally seems like a typical teenager. However, she repeatedly argues with her parents, refuses to do what she is told, and at times does things to deliberately annoy people. If this behavior pattern is relatively long-term, Sally might possibly haveA) conduct disorder.B) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.C) rumination disorder.D) oppositional defiant disorder.# 1.34(1 pts.) While eating, Lindsay often spits her food back up and rechews it. Assuming that this is a persistent problem, Lindsay might be diagnosed withA) picaB) feeding disorder of infancy or early childhoodC) rumination disorderD) bulimia nervosa# 1.35(1 pts.) Frannie still wets the bed occasionally. Which of the following factors would be LEAST important in terms of her being diagnosed as having enuresis?A) if she was ever successfully potty-trainedB) her current ageC) the frequency of her bed-wettingD) the duration of her symptoms# 1.36(1 pts.) Based on the incidence of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in various ethnic groups, which of the following individuals would be considered high risk?A) a woman of French Canadian descentB) a woman of Irish descentC) a woman of Italian descentD) a woman of Native American descent# 1.37(1 pts.) Five-year-old Julio appeared normal for the first two years of life. At age two there was a marked deterioration in his language, social, and motor skills. Julio might be diagnosed as havingA) Rett’s disorder.B) childhood disintegrative disorder.C) Asperger’s disorder.D) autistic disorder.# 1.38(1 pts.) Cindy is in her first year of high school. She has always been viewed as a lazy student who just does not put any effort into her writing. Her spelling is terrible and the sentences she writes are disorganized and filled with syntactical errors. Rather than being lazy, Cindy may very well have aA) dyslexic disorder.B) mathematics disorder.C) receptive language disorder.D) disorder of written expression.# 1.39(1 pts.) Jeremy has a difficult time sitting still, and interrupts others, but generally can pay attention to what his teacher is saying as he moves around the room. Jeremy might be diagnosed withA) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, inattentive type.B) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, hyperactive-impulsive type.C) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, combined type.D) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, overactive type.# 1.40(1 pts.) Which of the following children is MOST likely to benefit from behavioral interventions designed to treat conduct disorder?A) Mason, who is 17 years oldB) Ted, who is 15 years oldC) James, who is 14 years oldD) Nathan, who is 11 years old# 1.41(1 pts.) Chris constantly runs around eating used matches and cigarette butts out of ashtrays. Chris might be diagnosed as havingA) pica.B) rumination disorder.C) anorexia.D) stereotypic movement disorder.# 1.42(1 pts.) Parents who are neglectful during a child’s early years are likely to facilitate the development ofA) Tourette’s disorder.B) reactive attachment disorder.C) autistic disorder.D) Down syndrome.# 1.43(1 pts.) John has been diagnosed as having Tourette’s syndrome and conduct disorder. Tourette’s syndrome and conduct disorder in this case are referred to as ___ disorders.A) clinically significantB) categoricalC) comorbidD) polymorphous# 1.44(1 pts.) Dr. Green is an admitting psychologist at a psychiatric hospital. Unfortunately, every client she interviews receives the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Dr. Green’s diagnostic system ignoresA) reliability.B) variance.C) base rates.D) treatment potential.# 1.45(1 pts.) Jack believes he is Jesus Christ and that he can walk on water. He claims he hears God talking to him every morning at 3:00 a.m. In general terms, Jack seems to be suffering from aA) neurosis.B) psychosis.C) personality disorder.D) prognosis.# 1.46(1 pts.) Susan and Ron are having marital difficulties; their difficulties are not due to any long standing psychological problems. How might a clinician document their difficulties? A clinician mightA) diagnose each as having a personality disorder.B) diagnose each as having an adjustment disorder.C) only list the information on Axis IV.D) utilize one of the V codes in DSM-IV-TR# 1.47(1 pts.) Mrs. Waltham is 75 years old and has been brought in for treatment by her daughter. Her daughter claims that the elderly woman has become forgetful and has started fabricating stories about how she is a Bavarian princess and must return to her homeland to help the king. The clinician automatically diagnoses Mrs. Waltham as having schizophrenia. The clinician has obviously ignored what information in making this diagnosis?A) the base rate for this disorderB) the client’s ageC) the prevalence of this disorderD) the client’s gender# 1.48(1 pts.) Dr. Burns is analyzing his client’s personal history in an attempt to identity the factors that may have produced his psychotic behavior. Dr. Burns is creating a(n)A) assessment of global functioning.B) final diagnosis.C) case formulation.D) treatment regimen.# 1.49(1 pts.) Donna’s clinician has requested that she undergo electroconvulsive therapy in an attempt to control her current, drastic suicidal impulses. What stage of treatment is she in?A) immediate managementB) assessment of objectivesC) assessment of current functioningD) management of objectives# 1.50(1 pts.) Michelle, who is recovering from schizophrenia, is being released from the psychiatric hospital because her symptoms are under control. Michelle’s living skills, however, are still inadequate since she has been institutionalized for quite some time. What will her therapist most likely suggest?A) placement in an asylumB) readmission to the psychiatric hospitalC) placement in a halfway houseD) admission to a sanitarium# 1.51(1 pts.) Dr. Reed has a PhD in clinical psychology and was trained in administering psychological tests. Dr. Davis has an MD with advanced training in treating psychological disorders and can prescribe medications. Dr. Reed is a ______ and Dr. Davis is aA) psychiatrist; psychologistB) psychologist; psychiatristC) psychologist; neurologistD) social worker; psychologist# 1.52(1 pts.) A man arrives one hour late for work every day because he is compelled to read every street sign on the road to his workplace. Which of the following components of a mental disorder is exemplified by his behavior?A) It reflects a behavioral syndrome.B) It is associated with impairment in life.C) It is a culturally sanctioned response.D) It reflects a serious risk.# 1.53(1 pts.) The notion that disorders involving a loss of identity fit into a distinct category separate from other disorders is the essence behind theA) statistical approach.B) psychodynamic model.C) categorical approach.D) dimensional model.# 1.54(1 pts.) Kathy was diagnosed with breast cancer 3 months ago and is now reporting feelings of severe depression. On what DSM-IV Axis would the information about her medical condition be recorded?A) Axis IB) Axis IIC) Axis IIID) Axis IV# 1.55(1 pts.) Which of the following information led Dr. Tobin to conclude that Peter was suffering from bipolar disorder?A) the fact that he reported having intense bouts of anxietyB) the fact that he had recently been married and soon after was divorcedC) the fact that after he lost his job he experienced a psychotic episodeD) the fact that at the time he was in a period of elation but had previously experienced a period of depression# 1.56(1 pts.) Mr. Kang, a recent immigrant from China, is extremely overwhelmed and distressed by the untimely death of his wife. His co-workers are concerned about his mental health because he believes he is in constant contact with her and can be seen talking to her on a regular basis. It is not likely that Mr. Kang would be diagnosed as having a mental disorder because his behaviorA) is an acceptable and culturally sanctioned response in his particular culture.B) reflects a documented behavioral/psychological syndrome.C) is not associated with his present distress and impairment.D) cannot be explained using the medical model.# 1.57(1 pts.) Roger is in the stage of therapy where he and his therapist are working on altering his long-standing patterns of dependent behavior. What phase of therapy is Roger in?A) immediate managementB) assessment of objectivesC) management of short-term goalsD) management of long-term goals# 1.58(1 pts.) Rob is receiving treatment for his psychological disorder at an outpatient treatment center. It is most likely that Rob is going to aA) community mental health center.B) halfway house.C) psychiatric hospital.D) psychoanalytic institute.# 1.59(1 pts.) Ralph has been sad and listless for 3 years. He can’t sleep and has lost his appetite. Using a diagnostic system, one clinician arrives at a diagnosis of depression. Using the exact same diagnostic system, another clinician arrives at a diagnosis of schizophrenia. What is the problem with this system?A) It lacks construct validity.B) It lacks universality.C) It lacks reliability.D) It lacks criterion validity.# 1.60(1 pts.) “Coughing, sniffling, sneezing, runny nose, achiness, scratchy throat, and inability to sleep.” This collection of symptoms represents aA) constellation.B) diagnosis.C) prognosis.D) syndrome.# 1.61(1 pts.) Dr. Johnson believes that the frequency and intensity of compulsive behavior exists on a continuum from mild to severe. Dr. Johnson prefers to use which approach when viewing this behavior?A) categoricalB) dimensionalC) medicalD) nominal# 1.62(1 pts.) A psychologist suspects that Dan’s psychotic episode may be related to the recent death of his wife. On which DSM-IV Axis would this stressful event be recorded?A) Axis IB) Axis IIC) Axis IIID) Axis IV# 1.63(1 pts.) Robert has a serious drinking problem, but his therapist feels that the drinking is a result of Robert’s constant bouts with depression. Based on this information, what would Robert’s principle diagnosis be?A) alcoholismB) bipolar disorderC) degenerative dementiaD) major depression# 1.64(1 pts.) Sangue dormido, or “sleeping blood” is a condition observed among individuals from the Cape Verde Islands (located off the west coast of Africa) and involves paralysis, convulsions, blindness, and tremors. This condition is referred to in DSM-IV as a(n)A) adjustment disorder.B) clinical syndrome.C) general medical condition.D) culture-bound syndrome.# 1.65(1 pts.) David is a junior at the local high school. The school’s administration believes his recent emotional outbursts during class may be due to problems in his home life. Who might be best suited to deal with this situation?A) the principalB) a guidance counselorC) a psychiatristD) an EAP counselor# 1.66(1 pts.) James is a person with schizophrenia and has delusions that the CIA is after him. He believes that everyone on the street is trying to kill him and, as a matter of fact, he has been brought to a psychologist by the police after being arrested for assaulting an elderly woman on the street whom he claimed was trying to kill him. Assuming that testing reveals that he truly is psychotic and not faking, where would a psychologist recommend he be sent?A) a CMHCB) a day treatment programC) a halfway houseD) a psychiatric hospital# 1.67(1 pts.) Shelly meets twice a week with a number of individuals who also have similar problems. They openly share their problems with others in a trusting, receptive environment which also facilitates improvement of their interpersonal skills. Shelly is participating inA) milieu therapy.B) group therapy.C) dynamic therapy.D) social therapy.# 1.68(1 pts.) In order to evaluate the effectiveness of a new psychotherapeutic technique, Dr. Schwartz is testing the therapy on clients that have sought treatment from him at his private practice. According to Martin Seligman, Dr. Schwartz is conducting anA) epidemiological study.B) empirical study.C) efficacy study.D) effectiveness study.# 1.69(1 pts.) Dr. Ramirez is a clinical psychologist who treats individuals with somatoform disorders, yet he is still troubled by his own somatic complaints. Which of the following roles and responsibilities would be in question in this case?A) therapist competenceB) informed consentC) confidentialityD) licensure# 1.70(1 pts.) Dr. Blanchard is being pressured by the local police department for information on one of his clients who is suspected of murder. Dr. Blanchard must be careful to remember the principle ofA) mandated reporting.B) privileged communication.C) informed consent.D) duty to warn.# 1.71(1 pts.) Wendy has been involuntarily committed to a psychiatric hospital. When she tries to use the ward pay phone, the staff members stand nearby and listen to her conversation. Occasionally they have actually interrupted her calls and have hung the phone up on her. Which of Wendy’s rights is being violated?A) the right to stand trialB) the right to treatmentC) the right to a humane environmentD) the right to refuse treatment# 1.72(1 pts.) Which of the following types of disorders would not meet the criteria for insanity according to the Insanity Defense Reform Act of 1984?A) schizophreniaB) major depressionC) bipolar disorderD) antisocial personality disorder# 1.73(1 pts.) Dr. Strickland has neglected to notify Gary, one of his newest clients, about the potential risks of therapy and the limits of confidentiality during therapy sessions. Dr. Strickland has not provided him with the information needed for Gary to giveA) information on prognosis.B) preferences for therapy.C) restrictions on secrecy.D) informed consent.# 1.74(1 pts.) You are a therapist and one of your clients has just told you that he is planning to murder his neighbor. Based on the principle of “duty to warn” what is the primary thing you should do?A) Ignore your client’s threat.B) Notify the potential victim’s family.C) Hospitalize the client immediately.D) Notify the potential victim of the person’s intent.# 1.75(1 pts.) Had Mark Chen been cognitively alert and responsive in the textbook case, he would have had the legal right to decline Dr. Tobin’s recommendation for ECT. His decision would have been supported byA) the Americans with Disabilities Act.B) parens patriae.C) the Durham rule.D) the right to refuse treatment.# 1.76(1 pts.) Sandy has been accused of committing a crime. Currently, as she is being tried, though, her schizophrenic symptoms have re-emerged and her behavior is extremely psychotic. It is likely that the attorneys and the judge involved in this case willA) judge her not guilty by reason of insanity.B) judge her guilty but insane.C) judge her not competent to stand trial.D) think she is faking and continue with the proceedings.# 1.77(1 pts.) Jeremy, a 13 year old, is being treated by Dr. Falkowski for oppositional defiant disorder. Jeremy’s parents have just called Dr. Falkowski and asked him what Jeremy has been saying about them in therapy. Dr. Falkowski needs to be careful not to violateA) informed consent.B) parens patriae.C) mandated reporting.D) confidentiality.# 1.78(1 pts.) Which of the following relationships between client and clinician would always be considered unethical?A) The client is the clinician’s barber.B) The client is the teacher of the clinician’s daughter.C) The clinician is the coach of the client’s son’s hockey team.D) The clinician is a business partner of the client.# 1.79(1 pts.) Although she is currently sound psychologically, Peggy’s lawyer is trying to make the case that at the time she murdered her husband, she was psychologically disturbed and unaware of the nature of her actions. Peggy’s lawyer is using theA) insanity defense.B) misguided intentions defense.C) not competent to stand trial defense.D) civil commitment clause.# 1.80(1 pts.) Because Phineas Gage’s crowbar injury affected his emotionality and impulsivity, we can assume he suffered injury to theA) left temporal lobeB) frontal lobe ,C) cerebral cortexD) limbic system# 1.81(1 pts.) Korsakoff’s syndrome sufferers often displayA) an inability to recall recent informationB) psychotic behaviorC) speech difficultiesD) motor difficulties# 1.82(1 pts.) The following three questions are addressed in which phase of Dr. Ben Yishay’s six-stage model: Can this individual learn? If so, at what level of sophistication? Can the person improvise and problem-solve in unexpected situations?A) engagementB) awarenessC) compensationD) rehabilitation# 1.83(1 pts.) A patient presenting with a progressive memory impairment and a language impairment is most likely suffering fromA) acute depressionB) Alzheimer’s diseaseC) Korsakoff’s syndromeD) total amnesia# 1.84(1 pts.) Developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity are characteristic ofA) attention-deficit hyperactivity disorderB) attention disorderC) disruptive behavior disorderD) hyperkinetic syndrome# 1.85(1 pts.) Amanda, who was extremely uncomfortable being apart from her mother and never wanted to go to school, a movie, or a friend’s house, showed symptoms ofA) separation anxiety disorderB) conduct disorderC) social development lagD) developmental separation syndrome# 1.86(1 pts.) ______ is a childhood disorder that involves such behaviors as fighting, stealing, destroying property, truancy, and running away; it begins to appear in some boys when they are about 10 or 11 years old.A) Antisocial personality disorderB) Conduct disorderC) ADHDD) Impulsive behavior disorder# 1.87(1 pts.) The disorder characterized by a lack of responsiveness to other people and impaired communication skills is calledA) autismB) conduct disorderC) separation anxiety disorderD) pervasive personality disorder# 1.88(1 pts.) Psychodynamic therapy, which was developed by Sigmund Freud, seeks toA) discover faulty thinking patterns that cause maladaptive behavior and emotionalproblemsB) focus on body-centered awarenessC) resolve issues or conflicts from childhoodD) determine which combination of individual and medical therapy will be effective# 1.89(1 pts.) One of the complicating factors of couples therapy is that the focus is on both the relationship andA) the personal issues or problems of each participantB) the length of time the couple has been having difficultiesC) whether or not one of the partners has been in therapy beforeD) none of the above# 1.90(1 pts.) The primary role of the cognitive-behavioral therapist is toA) help the client gain insight into the unresolved conflicts in his/her lifeB) assist the person to develop new thought patternsC) determine the different interactional patterns in the individual’s familyD) all of the above# 1.91(1 pts.) Dolores McCarthy, a social worker who leads therapy groups, reports that group members often relate to the group in the same way they relate to the world at large. She identifies this as a kind ofA) transferenceB) gestaltC) free associationD) conflict resolution# 1.92(1 pts.) Psychologists consider all of the following to be psychosocial protective factors EXCEPTA) positive role modelsB) specific coping skillsC) good parentingD) genetic restructuring# 1.93(1 pts.) Dr. Comer points out risks of adolescence, such as alcoholism, drug abuse, and teen pregnancyA) are more severe in lower socioeconomic groupsB) are virtually nonexistent in middle-income childrenC) exist for all children, regardless of income levelD) are less severe today than in the 1950s

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