Discussion of Triaxial of Action: Policy, Politics, and Nursing
PLEASE ANSWER THE QUESTIONS BELOW IN APA FORMATINCLUDE AT LEAST 2 REFERENCES AND 2 CITATIONSEACH ANSWER MUST HAVE AT LEAST 2-3 SENTENCESTHANK YOU1- What is Policy?2- Explain each of them: Public policy—Private policy—Health policy—Social policy—Organizational policy?3- Who was Florence Nightingale, and what was her contribution to the Nursing Field?4- Who was Lillian Wald?5- Who was Margaret Sanger, and in what way she helped to the developments of Nursing Field?6_ what is (ICN), and what they do?7- What is s (NLCA) and they do?Jeanne Blum, RN, is a nurse on a LDRP unit. Recently, the policy andprocedures manual for Jeanne’s unit included the premature rupturing of membranes of a laboring patientas a practice acceptable for nurses to perform. Jeanneand some of her coworkers shared their concern overlunch about this new responsibility.They felt uncomfortable with the possibility of cord prolapse andother potential medical complications resulting fromthis practice. Jeanne gathered data from her state andmany others states and noted that her hospital wasnot in compliance with her professional organizationpractice standards. Jeanne shared this information with her coworkers. She volunteered to contact thestate board of nursing on their behalf to request adeclaratory statement on the nurse’s role in the initiation of premature rupturing of uterine membranes.Her state board’s clinical practice committeereviewed her request for a declaratory statement andgathered information from other states. A formaldeclaratory statement was drafted by the board andmade it available on its Web site. A letter from theboard was sent to Jeanne’s institution, informing it ofthe declaratory statement, which stated that the tasknurses were requested to perform was beyond theirscope of practice based on the Nurse Practice Act.8-Which stage of the policy model does this scenariorepresent?